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State of Arizona

Judicial Selection in the States: Arizona

Overview

News

The Montana House State Administration Committee yesterday approved a bill to require judges recuse from cases due to campaign contributions. Under HB 157 as approved...

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A plan to require Wyoming judicial nominating commission members to be subject to senate confirmation appears to have died. Wyoming s top courts use a...

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This is proving to be an unprecedented year in terms of the number of efforts to either switch from partisan to nonpartisan judicial elections or...

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Examines successful judicial selection reform efforts in six states, discussing...

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The Arizona judiciary is composed of three courts of general jurisdiction--the supreme court, the court of appeals, and the superior court. Appellate judges and superior court judges in Maricopa and Pima Counties are chosen through merit selection. After an initial two-year term, judges must stand for retention. Superior court judges in smaller counties are chosen in nonpartisan elections.

In 1992, Arizona voters approved Proposition 109, which called for the adoption of a process for evaluating judicial performance. Arizona is the only state with a constitutionally mandated judicial performance evaluation program. Judicial performance review in Arizona is intended to provide the public with information about judges who are standing for retention and to encourage judicial self-evaluation and improvement. For more information about Arizona's judicial performance evaluation program, see Judicial Selection Reform: Examples from Six States.